Wednesday, 31 January 2018

Tonight's supermoon rising over the Port of Felixstowe

Tonight's supermoon rising over the Port of Felixstowe. Thanks to Colm O Laoi (@virtualcolm) for his Twitter picture.


Applicants are invited to apply for the Dock Operative vacancy within the Operations Department at Marine Terminals Limited, Dublin. This is an initial 6 month Fixed-Term Contract and there are multiple positions available.
Role Purpose: To work within a team to carry out operations efficiently, effectively and in a safe manner, ensuring on-time delivery of planned activity, continuous flow of productivity and high customer satisfaction levels
The Dock Operative role will include the following responsibilities:
-Operate plant and machinery as required for the Container Cargo Handling Operations 
-Carry out pre-checks on plant, machinery and equipment prior to commencing operation 
-Support the Maintenance department as required 
-Assist with container lashing and twist locks as required 
-Report plant, machinery and equipment defects to the Maintenance department without delay 
-Demonstrate commitment to multi-skilled activity where appropriate and being involved with all aspects of operations 
-Facilitate with the mooring and unmooring of vessels as required 
-Communicate information to the Shift Supervisor in an accurate and clear manner 
-Deliver a safe personal working culture under the Peel Ports' Safety365 Golden Rules
Applicants interested in this role should ideally possess the following skills and experience:
-Previous experience of operating heavy mobile plant and machinery such as cranes, container handlers, forklift trucks and tug and trailers would be desirable 
-Experience working within a Port environment and/or vessel discharge would be considered an advantage 
-Capable of working effectively under pressure in a business critical environment 
-A positive and flexible approach to working hours 
-Commitment to maintaining Health and Safety standards, as well as demonstrating compliance to safety policies and procedures 
-Ability to work at heights and willingness to work within a sometimes dusty environment 
-Effective communication and team work skills 
-A full, valid Republic of Ireland Driving Licence or equivalent is essential
In return you will receive:
-25 days of annual leave 
-Company Pension with matching contributions of up to 10% 
-Life Assurance 
-Development through training 
-Attractive salary sacrifice schemes for new car, bike, iPad etc. 
-Company Medicash 
-Referral Bonus 
-Discounted Cinema Tickets 
-Free Parking


Applicants are invited to apply for the General Operative/Driver vacancy within the Containers Department, based at Dublin Containers Limited. There are multiple, permanent, full-time positions available.
Role Purpose: To provide first class labour supply and cargo handling services for all customers, including the handling and transportation of Containers on & off lorries, and to & from storage areas.
The General Operative/Driver role will include the following responsibilities:
-Provide first class labour supply and cargo handling services for all customers 
-Ensure safe, careful and efficient vessel load/discharge in accordance with safe systems of work 
-Consistently produce work to an accurate standard to meet targets required within the department 
-Ensure performance within the department is kept at a high standard and customers instructions are precisely met 
-Ensure all incidents/accidents and customer complaints are reported and correct paperwork completed to a satisfactory standard 
-Liaise with operations management to ensure tasks are identified and carried out to meet customer requirements 
-Remain flexible and reactive to changing operational requirements 
-Be mindful of cost management within daily activities (energy, consumables, housekeeping) 
-Adhere to company operating procedures to ensure safe, effective and efficient operation of the department 
-Conduct container handling duties that may include but not limited to M&R for containers, counterbalance fork truck driving, Tug Master and various shunting operations
Applicants interested in this role should ideally possess the following skills and experience:
-Good understanding of Health & Safety best practice 
-Knowledge of Transport and Container operations is ideal but not essential 
-Excellent communication skills, both written and verbal 
-A full, valid Republic of Ireland driving licence or equivalent is essential 
-Ability to adapt to varying customer requirements 
-Proven experience of multi-tasking ensuring deadlines are adhered to


Applicants are invited to apply for the Workshop Operative vacancy within the Containers Department, based at Dublin Containers Limited, Dublin.
Role Purpose: To provide Maintenance and Repair across Dublin Container sites. To contribute to a professional service to M&R infrastructure.
The Workshop Operative role will include the following responsibilities:
-Liaise with the Workshop Supervisor to determine resource availability and work to level the workforce 
-Work with Team Leaders and Technicians for solutions around first time fix, response times and other process improvement opportunities 
-Principle contact and liaison between the Maintenance department and Operational teams 
-Ensure areas in which you are assigned receive professional Maintenance service in a timely manner 
-Support the management team with any requests within knowledge and capability 
-Be the communication link with the office for significant and high business consequence issues 
-Review work to be performed and consult Supervisors, Originators, Operations and Stores as necessary 
-Undertake any other duties necessary within competence and capability to ensure the needs of the business are met 
-Work to agreed personal and team objectives
Applicants interested in this role should ideally possess the following skills and experience:
-Some technical (mechanical or electrical M&R equipment) ability, ideally on steal / woodwork equipment to support the M&R Workshop 
-Must have the ability to create and deliver efficient and effective plans and have knowledge of planning tools and techniques 
-Ability to effectively manage, develop and drive the M&R workshop workflows 
-Ability to work on own initiative, plan, and organise demanding workload 
-Knowledge of Health and Safety regulations 
-Some maritime knowledge / experience in Containers would be advantageous 
-A full, valid Republic of Ireland driving licence or equivalent is essential
In return you will receive:
-25 days of annual leave 
-Company Pension with matching contributions of up to 10% 
-Life Assurance 
-Development through training 
-Attractive salary sacrifice schemes for new car, bike, iPad etc. 
-Company Medicash 
-Referral Bonus 
-Discounted Cinema Tickets 
-Free Parking
Peel Ports is More than Ports. It's a unique network that connects everything from ports and terminals, shipping lines, fabrications and repair operations.

Stevedores to Stage 24-Hour Strike at All Finnish Ports

Illustration; Image Courtesy: The Northwest Maritime Academy

Stevedores will stage a 24-hour strike at all ports in Finland on February 2 as part of a political protest against the government’s employment policies, a statement issued by Finish stevedoring company STEVECO says.
Stevedores, part of the Transport Workers’ Union (AKT), will take part in the protest from 6:00 a.m. February 2 to 6 a.m. February 3.
What is more, Finnish Seafarers’ Union (FSU) has urged all its members to participate in a protest at 11:00 a.m. on February 2 at the Senate Square in Helsinki.
AKT and FSU are affiliated to SAK, the Central Organization of Finnish Trade Unions which organizes the protest.
Trade unions in the country are opposing to the new unemployment security legislation which entered into force at the beginning of this year. SAK stresses the new law is “another cut in unemployment security.”
From the beginning of the year, unemployed people must report their progress in job-seeking to the unemployment fund or the Social Insurance Institution (Kela) quarterly. The unemployment fund or Kela can then consider whether they have been active enough in finding employment or not.
Should they decide someone has not done enough to seek out employment, the benefit will be cut by 4.65 percent for the next three months.

World Maritime News Staff

Share this article

Follow World Maritime News

Massive Ship Unloader Arrives in Japan

A massive continuous ship unloader has been discharged at the Onahama Terminal in Japan after being shipped by the heavy load carrier ship Happy Star, owned by BigLift Shipping, from Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

It is the heaviest-ever ship unloader handled by BigLift Shipping, which had to lift the 1,542 metric ton (MT) machine up 17 metres away from ship’s side by using Happy Star’s two unique 900 MT mast cranes.
No other heavy lift vessel in the world is currently fitted with this type of heavy lift crane.
The ship unloader has been brought in to facilitate the unloading of coal and ensure fast vessel turnaround at the Port of Onahama.
The unloader had to pass the conveyor belt system on the quay during the discharge operation.

Five bands play concert in support of the dockworkers.Oslo February 2.

Posting on behalf of Svein Lundeng and Dockers Hangarounds

Five bands play concert in support of the dockworkers.Oslo February 2.
"When workers' rights are overrun, we are making noise, and there will be noise. Together with several Norwegian artists, we will arrange a solidarity concert for the dockworkers on February 2. The concert will show solidarity with all workers who feel stepped on by big companies. "
Solidaritetsgruppa for havnearbeiderne writes in their event :

Norwegian port workers have come to know what happens when big companies want to increase their own profits. The agreement that the Transport Workers Association has for the Harbor Workers means that workers employed at the local loading and unloading office have priority over all loading and unloading work in the ports. When the Drammen company Holship wanted to use underpaid workers, they believed that the collective agreement violated the freedom of establishment in the EEA Agreement. The case was brought to court and ended with a Supreme Court judgment in favor of Holship. In other words, Norwegian workers' rights were subject to the company's wish for more profit, thus accepting social dumping by foreign workers in Norway. This means a dangerous undermining of the hard-won rights we have in Norwegian working life.

We also have a broad agreement in Norway that social dumping is not allowed, yet we will allow this to happen in our ports and with our workers. This makes the blood to boil for many, including us. Therefore, we think that when workers' rights are overrun, we make a noise. And noise there will be. Together with several Norwegian artists, we will arrange a solidarity concert for the harbor workers on 2 February. The concert will show solidarity with all workers who experience being trampled on by big companies.

With us on the team we have the band Vicereine as in a statement to us, saying: We in Vicereine hate social dumping. Equal rights and settlements should be a minimum for all Norwegian employees. When we were contacted about this, we thought "Riot, protest and party is strictly what we do with anyway" Therefore, we are flying over the mountain with sables and Tropical Death on February 2.

NTF: ITF’s Decision to Declare Oslo Port POC Was Inevitable

Image Courtesy: Yilport 
It was finally necessary to declare Oslo Port as Port of Convenience (POC) and ask for international solidarity to stop the attacks on both seafarers and dockworkers in the port, the Norwegian Transport Workers’ Union (NTF) told World Maritime News.
“We, in the Norwegian Transport Workers’ Union, are very disappointed that we had to go to the stage to declare the Port of Oslo as a Port of Convenience (POC),” the union pointed out.
“The work in Oslo port is both in violation of national collective agreements, ship’s collective agreements and in violation of international conventions, ILO 137 and ILO 152, which Norway has ratified. There is therefore, no doubt that social dumping is still going on in the port of Oslo,” NTF added.
The NTF said that the former political majority in Oslo municipality worked hard, together with The Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise (NHO), to close the dockworkers out of the port area. This was partly successful from 2014. When a new political board in Oslo was elected in 2015, there was an agreement between the city council partners and other political parties that ILO 137 should be followed. This was also approved by the board of Oslo Havn KF – the municipality company of the Port of Oslo governing the port activity – as late as June this year, as explained by NTF.
During the consideration of this case at the International Transport Workers’ Federation’s (ITF) meeting in Cape Town in June 2017, there was unanimity to declare Oslo Port as POC. However, the Norwegian representatives asked for a final decision to be postponed until we saw the result of the decision in Oslo Havn KF.
In the summer and autumn this year, several meetings were held between the ITF Coordination Committee in Norway and representatives of Oslo Havn KF and the political authorities in Oslo to find a solution to the problem.
However, as dockworkers’ and seafarers’ rights, as well as their pay and working conditions, continued to be violated, ITF Coordination Committee in Norway was authorized to make a final decision on the matter.
As informed, ITF inspectors revealed in their controls that seafarers often perform the work traditionally carried out by dockworkers. This has been done in violation of ships’ collective agreements on cargo handling clause and often without seafarers being paid according to the wage agreement in the collective agreements on board.
World Maritime News Staff

Share this article


Follow World Maritime News

Tuesday, 30 January 2018

Earlier this week, a remarkable transport in the port of Antwerp took place

Earlier this week, a remarkable transport in the port of Antwerp took place: two gantry cranes from DPWorld were transported over the water towards their new place.

Everything You Should Know About Reefer Shipping

The term 'reefer' is used in shipping to refer to refrigerated ships and refrigerated shipping containers that transport perishable commodities by sea.

Temperature-controlled transportation is used for perishables such as fruit, meat, fish, vegetables, and dairy products.
A reefer ship is a containership that exclusively carries refrigerated containers.
However, reefer ships were the predominant mode of transporting goods in controlled conditions before the advent of reefer containers.
Reefer ships differ from conventional container ships in their size, design, power generation and electrical distribution equipment.
The key difference is that they are smaller and require provisions made for powering each container's cooling system.

Refrigerated containership Ivar Reefer in the Port of Valparaiso, Chile

Reefer ships are generally side-door vessels which have water-tight ports on the ship's hull that open into a cargo hold.
Inside these access ports or side doors, pallet lifts or another series of conveyors bring the cargo to the respective decks.
This special design makes the vessels particularly well suited for inclement weather operations as the tops of the cargo holds are always closed against rain and sun.
Inside reefer ships food and other perishable items sit on pallets in a refrigerated hold, and are delivered to a cold storage facility on arrival at a port.

Reefer containers, in white, stacked with normal dry containers

Reefer containers are, simply put, large fridges carried by containerships.
Each container has its own individual refrigerated unit.
These containers are nearly always twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) — the standard size for cargo containers loaded by containerships.
The additional insulation and the power plant results in a 40-foot reefer costing around six times more than a regular container.
Because reefer containers are self-contained refrigerated units, they are often able to bypass cold storage on arrival at a destination.
And, because of the ease in loading and unloading cargo, many containerships are now being built or redesigned to carry refrigerated containers.

The M.V Victoria, a 13,400-ton Italian motor ship designed to run from Italy to Egypt becomes the first vessel to make its maiden voyage equipped with Carrier cooling systems. Image credit: Carrier

Top Industry Developments:

First refrigerated marine containers came into use based upon converted truck units
Maersk Line received the first reefers with integrated cooling units
In 2013, 72% of the refrigerated transport capacity in maritime shipping was containerised, growth from 33% in 1980.
The share of the conventional or specialist reefer segment fell from 60% in 2000 to an estimated 26% in 2014.
This reflects the core trend of the last few years: the refrigerated box taking over from the conventional reefer ship. This has resulted in more than half of all conventional reefer vessels scrapped since 2000.
Seaborne transport of fresh produce in conventional reefer ships and in refrigerated boxes is estimated to have reached more than 95.7 million tonnes.
However, the maritime transport of fresh produce only accounts for 2.7% of the world seaborne trade of dry cargoes of all kinds.
Future growth for the seaborne perishable trade predicted to expand by 4% to 5% annually until 2020.

Top reefer box and machine manufacturing companies:

Image credit: Carrier
Carrier Transicold
A subsidiary of Carrier Corporation, which was founded 1903.
Willis Carrier, founder of Carrier, invented the first air conditioner in 1902.
The M.V. Victoria, a 13,400-tonne Italian motorship designed to run from Italy to Egypt, becomes  the first vessel to make its maiden voyage equipped with Carrier air conditioning in 1931
Carrier Transicold introduces the first natural refrigerant container unit in 2010, incorporated in the NaturaLINE unit.
The unit incorporates carbon dioxide (CO2) in place of conventional synthetic hydrofluorocarbon refrigerants, which have higher global warming potential (GWP).
Container units include: NaturaLINE, PrimeLINE, ThinLINE, EliteLINE.

Maersk Container Industry (MCI)
Founded 1991
Reefer manufacturing subsidiary of A.P. Møller-Mærsk A/S
Engages in the development, manufacture, and supply of dry containers, reefer containers, and refrigeration machines
Leader in low energy consumption reefer units which reduces operational costs and environmental impact
Products include: Star Cool, Star Cool Integrated, and MCI Box

SeaCo Global
Founded 1998
Diversified container fleet of approximately 2.3 million TEU
Depot network in more than 176 port locations, across 49 countries
Owned by Bermuda-based Global Sea Containers Ltd.
Products include: 20 foot Standard and 40 foot High Cube

Klinge Corp.
Founded 1984
Offer a variety of transport refrigeration and freezer containers, including: Dual Reefer Systems, Explosion-Proof Reefers, Tank Container Reefers, Offshore Reefers, Blast Freezers, Deep Storage Freezers, Quick Thaw Containers, Expandable Containers, DNV Refrigerated Containers

Daikin Active CA is helping both growers and shipping lines access new markets and expand business opportunities.

Daiken Reefer
Founded 1968
Japanese-based Daikin Transportation and Refrigeration Systems Division is a wholly owned division of Daikin Industries
Daikin Industries annual sales in excess of US$ 12 Billion
Largest global supplier of container refrigeration machines using scroll compressor technology
Supplies equipment to over 50 liner shipping and leasing companies
Products include:Daikin Active CA, LXE Series, Zestia Series

BSL Offshore Containers
Founded 2007
Based in Hong Kong
Products include: ISO Reefer, ISO Storage Reefer, Chiller/Freezer Cold Storage Reefer, Specialty Reefer containers and DNV reefers

Changes in refrigerants and regulation

Typically a reefer will have an integral refrigeration unit that will rely on external power from electrical power points (reefer points) at a land-based site, a container ship or on a quay.
Generally, air cooling systems are used that remove heat generated by the reefers.
Water cooling systems are also used. This system can be used if the reefer is stored below deck on a vessel without adequate ventilation to remove the heat generated.
Another refrigeration system is sometimes used when the journey time is short or during a period when there is a total loss refrigeration.
This involves the use of frozen carbon dioxide ice or sometimes liquid nitrogen for cooling.
The cryogenically frozen gas slowly evaporates and cools the container and is vented from it.
Full-size intermodal containers equipped with cryogenic systems can maintain their temperature for the 30 days needed for sea transport.
Recent years have seen various new technologies released by shipping container manufacturers to better address the cooling requirements of specific cargo.
There has been a particular focus on controlled atmosphere (CA) technology.
This active oxygen removal system delays the ripening, ageing and decay of perishables to preserve their quality, taste and value during long-distance transportation.

Many innovations in areas such as energy efficiency are occurring as the result of increased regulation.
HFC refrigerants in particular have been identified as a major contributor to global warming.
Movement towards more environmentally sustainable refrigerants is rapidly gaining pace within the container reefer industry.
In 2015, European Union’s F-Gas regulation set out a timetable to cut the amount of CO2 contributing to global warming by 2030 by half.
Bans have also been proposed by the US Environmental Protection Agency’s Significant New Alternatives Policy.

Produce reefers carry and challenges presented

Fruit and meat have historically been the main cargo of refrigerated ships.
Bananas represent the single most important reefer cargo.
Cargoes of shrimp, asparagus, caviar and blood are considered among the most expensive refrigerated items.
Other cargo includes dairy products, flowers and pharmaceuticals.
Because the characteristics of reefer cargo vary from commodity to commodity, factors such as temperature control, air exchange, humidity levels and proper packing and stuffing become extremely important.
For example, cargoes such as meat have to be kept chilled between 0 degrees and minus 2 degrees, or frozen at minus 18 degrees or colder.
Other cargoes such as fresh fruit have to be kept at temperatures ranging from minus 3 degrees celsius to 16 degrees celsius to ensure they arrive in the best possible condition.

Specific goods also present challenges for transportation
For example, some products such as tomatoes and potatoes require changes in temperature throughout the voyage.
Containers now use pre-programmed multi-temperature systems.
Other products, such as fruits and vegetables, require a reduced level of humidity.
Many containers can regulate humidity between 55% and 95%.

Normal carrier lines: taking away trade
Reefer containers are rapidly gaining market share and are competing with reefer ships for trade.
Traditional systems built around reefer ships involve food sitting on pallets in a refrigerated hold; delivered to a cold storage facility on arrival.
This is rapidly changing to containers with refrigeration units. This new generation of container ships with a large reefer capacity is transforming how fruit, meat and other perishable foods move around the globe.
At the beginning of 2000 there were over 20 companies worldwide who were specialised in transport with reefers. Now there are only eight.
A key reason behind this change is that diversified carriers that have the capacity to hold reefer containers offer a faster return on investment as well as the fact that they give carriers greater security in an unstable market.
Every dollar a carrier puts into a bulk carrier is made back in two years on average.
However, for reefers, it can often take 20 years to earn it back.

Reefer-related technical papers: