The US is biggest economy in the world and exports more than any other nation – largely due its port industry. At Port Technology International (PTI) we asked ourselves, what are the five biggest ports in the US?
In answering this question, PTI has continued its series examining the biggest ports in the world. Previous insights have looked at Northern Europe, the Mediterranean, the UK, and Southeast Asia.
The list below is a measure of TEU traffic in 2018, it will be updated as and when 2019’s figures become available.
Port of Los Angeles
The Port of Los Angeles is the busiest port in the US with a traffic of 9.46 millionTEU in 2018.
That year was also the third consecutive year the port had broken its general cargo record, making it the busiest port in the Western Hemisphere.
Located on the US Pacific coast, it is a leading international trade gateway and is key to trade between the US and China, as well as other major Asian nations, including Japan and South Korea.
Port of Long Beach
The Port of Long Beach is the second biggest port in the US and just about fits into the world’s top 20, with traffic of 8.09 million TEU.
It is known as Los Angeles’ sister port due to its close proximity and has the stated goal of being the most environmentally-friendly port in the US. Recent measures have resulted in a cut of 87% in diesel emissions.
As a gateway for trans-Pacific trade with Asia, it is critical for US trade with some the world’s fastest growing economies. It is also one of the few ports in the country big enough to accommodate the biggest vessels in the world.
However, despite being the two biggest ports in the US, combined Los Angeles and Long Beach would only be the ninth biggest port in the world falling considerably behind the major Chinese hubs.
Port of New York and New Jersey
The Port of New York and New Jersey is the third busiest port in the US and just outside the world’s top 20, with traffic of 7.2 million TEU.
Furthermore, it is also the busiest port on the US East Coast and a key gateway to one of the most concentrated markets in North America.