China is critical to the global economy and flow of goods across the world. Port Technology International (PTI) has asked: what are the top ports in China?
Beijing boasts seven of the 10 busiest ports on Earth and has very close economic ties to the other three – Singapore, Busan and Hong Kong.
In 2001 only one of the ports listed below would have it into the world’s top five ports. Those that featured in the top 10 jostled for space with many of the major ports of Europe and North America.
Its current domination of the port sector is undoubtedly the major story of the 21st century so far.
Today, China’s ports are an indispensable part of the country’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), a $1 trillion project to redesign global trade.
However, in the past three years China has faced numerous challenges, including its trade war with the US and most recently the coronavirus outbreak, both of which have threatened to cut it off from the shipping lanes it relies so heavily on.
As a central component of the BRI, it is pivotal to China’s wider economic plans. In May 2019 it signed a deal with German terminal operator HHLA to improve trade relations and technological collaboration.
Guangzhou – 21.8 million TEU
The Port of Guangzhou is the fourth busiest container port in China and fifth in the world, with an annual traffic of 21.8 million TEU.
The Port of Qingdao is the fifth busiest port in China and eighth in the world, with an annual traffic of 18.2 million TEU.
It is separated from the other ports in this list by Busan, South Korea, and Hong Kong, which has not been included.
While it may not carry as much as the others, it still plays an important part of China’s overall maritime strategy. It owns a 9.9% of the Vado Gateway Terminal in Italy, which gives it a foothold into the European market.